African Americans in the 1830 Census
The 1830 Census in Dauphin County shows a
substantial growth in the free African American population in the county, and
particularly in the town of Harrisburg. More than one hundred households
in Harrisburg alone have been identified in which the head of the household is
African American or the majority of the residents are African American.
These are found on page four of the database. In Harrisburg, at least 46
households of white families also contained at least one African American
resident, generally in the position of a household servant. Two slaves are
This database identifies 779 individuals.
Researcher Calobe Jackson, Jr. has noted that county census summary pages give
the total African American population as 961 and then note later additions that
bring the total number of African Americans in the county to 1025, a difference
from these figures of 246 individuals. It is not clear why there is such a large discrepency in these figures.
1830 Census transcripts, African American residents
Lower Paxton Township
Upper Swatara Township
|Harrisburg, page 1
African Americans residing in white households
||Harrisburg, page 2
Households of free persons of color
More historical data on central Pennsylvania African Americans
Population Schedules of the Fifth Census of the
United States: 1830. Pennsylvania, Dauphin County. Microfilm in the
Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg, PA.
Correspondence, Calobe Jackson, Jr. to Afrolumens Project, January 4, 2005.
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