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Free Persons of Color

The Violent Decade

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The Year of Jubilee (1863)

Regional Fugitive Slave Advertisements


Easter 1816: Jack and Peter Leave Ann Arundel County, Maryland

150 Dollars Reward.
Ran away from the subscriber, living in Ann Arundel county, state of Maryland, on Easter Sunday, the 14th of this instant, two negro men, Jack and Peter, purchased a few months past of Robert Lowe of Calvert county, which said negroes have lived at Johnson's Furnace in Frederick county, in this state, for the last three years.

Jack is about twenty-eight years of age, about five feet eight inches, a square built fellow, has a down look when spoken to, and wore his hair plated before; his working clothes were as follows, to wit: his upper jacket and trowsers were of home made fulled cloth of drab colour, a ticklenburg shirt, a wool hat, and took with him a white furred hat, a piece of nankeen, and a vest pattern of royal rib, of yellow ground, with a narrow dark stripe, with a variety of clothing not recollected; he is an artful fellow, has plenty of money, and will no doubt endeavour to procure a pass.

Peter is about five feet six or seven inches high, aged about twenty eight years, rather black, a good countenance, speaks quick and is a snug made fellow; he wore his hair tied behind in a kind of cue; his working clothes were the same kind as Jack's, and he took with him an old furred hat, with a very narrow rim, a pair of old boots with tassels, and sundry other clothing not recollected.

It is expected they will make for Calvert or Frederick counties, and most likely for Frederick, and from thence towards the western counties of Pennsylvania, or the state of Ohio. If taken within twenty miles from home 20 dollars will be given to each of them; if 40 miles from home 40 dollars will be given; and if taken out of the state and secured in gaol so that the owner gets them again, the above reward and all reasonable charges if brought home.

Charles Waters.
April 25.

Source: Lancaster Journal, Wednesday morning, 8 May 1816.

Editor's Notes: Johnson's Furnace refers to Catoctin Furnace, located in Cunningham Falls State Park, just south of Thurmont, Maryland.The furnace was built in 1776 and produced pig iron. By the time that the slaves Jack and Peter worked there, the furnace was manufacturing iron to produce the Catoctin Stove, a ten plate stove.

Covering the history of African Americans in central Pennsylvania from the colonial era through the Civil War.

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The Year of Jubilee, Volume One: Men of God, Volume Two: Men of Muscle




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